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Need Sleep

(52 years ago) Need Sleep? Harvard University. A resource from the Division of Sleep Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Produced in partnership with WGBH Educational Foundation.

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Understanding the Results | Sleep Apnea

(52 years ago) Feb 11, 2011 · Apnea Hypopnea Index (AHI) The AHI is the number of apneas or hypopneas recorded during the study per hour of sleep. It is generally expressed as the number of events per hour. Based on the AHI, the severity of OSA is classified as follows:

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Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) The Science of Sleep. The brain, jet lag, caffeine, and aging and how they influence sleep

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Epworth Sleepiness Scale | Narcolepsy

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · Epworth Sleepiness Scale. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale can be used to assess daytime sleepiness. For other ways to identify problematic sleepiness, see Self-Evaluation. Daytime sleepiness can have many causes, including narcolepsy, which affects up to 1 in 2,000 people. Here is a printable version of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale.

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Twelve Simple Tips to Improve Your Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · Ease the transition from wake time to sleep time with a period of relaxing activities an hour or so before bed. Take a bath (the rise, then fall in body temperature promotes drowsiness), read a book, watch television, or practice relaxation exercises. Avoid stressful, stimulating activities—doing work, discussing emotional issues.

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Adopt Good Sleep Habits | Need Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 12, 2008 · According to sleep experts, a regular schedule not only tends to increase the amount of sleep people get each night, it can also improve the quality of that sleep. An added benefit of Valerie's schedule is that it corresponds closely to her 13-year-old daughter's schedule, which means they have more time to spend together.

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Judgment and Safety | Need Sleep

(52 years ago) The Takeaway. Drowsy driving causes 1 million crashes, 500,000 injuries, and 8,000 deaths each year in the U.S. Just one sleepless night can impair performance as much as a blood-alcohol level of 0.10 percent, beyond the legal limit to drive. Like alcohol, sleep deprivation also affects judgment, making it harder to assess how impaired you are ...

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Sleep and Health | Need Sleep - Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) More importantly, insufficient sleep can ultimately affect life expectancy and day-to-day well-being. An analysis of data from three separate studies suggests that sleeping five or fewer hours per night may increase mortality risk by as much as 15 percent. 10. Sleep Deprivation, Weight Gain, and Diabetes (1:08)

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Natural Patterns of Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · In healthy adults, sleep typically begins with NREM sleep. The pattern of clear rhythmic alpha activity associated with wakefulness gives way to N1, the first stage of sleep, which is defined by a low-voltage, mixed-frequency pattern. The transition from wakefulness to N1 occurs seconds to minutes after the start of the slow eye movements seen when a person first …

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Barbra's Sleep Makeover | Need Sleep

(52 years ago) Barbra is one example of a worker at risk who decided to put her sleep first and improve her health. According to the National Sleep Foundation, more than 15 million Americans are employed in shift work jobs. 1 Shift work is common within the health care, communication, hospitality, leisure, and transportation industries.

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Getting the Sleep You Need | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Getting the Sleep You Need. Although stress, shift work, and age-related sleep disturbances are just some of many factors that can interfere with an individual's ability to obtain sufficient sleep, there are ways to mitigate their effects and get the sleep you need. Making behavioral changes that include establishing a consistent sleep/wake ...

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Finding Your Sleep/Wake Rhythm | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Finding Your Sleep/Wake Rhythm. Video Index | Help | Close | Help | Close

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Under the Brain's Control | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · The Brain and Sleep (2:04) Dr. Thomas Scammell discusses how structures and chemicals in the brain are responsible for producing both wakefulness and sleep. Orexin neurons stimulate the brain’s arousal centers. Although the brain's control of sleep and wakefulness is not entirely understood, scientists have pinpointed many areas of the brain ...

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Understanding PAP | Sleep Apnea

(52 years ago) Feb 11, 2011 · The Takeaway. Positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is the best and most common treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. Choose the PAP mask that is most comfortable for you. As described in Nonsurgical Treatments, positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment involves placing a small mask or nose tubes (also known as "nasal pillows") over the nose ...

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The Science of Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Sleep Lab. This Sleep Lab interactive gives you a first-hand look at these aspects of sleep using examples of healthy sleepers of various ages, as well as exploring how shift work and certain sleep disorders can affect the amount, pattern, and depth of sleep. launch interactive.

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Consequences of Insufficient Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Why Sleep Matters [6:13]. Sleep is vital for learning and memory, and lack of sleep impacts our health, safety, and longevity. watch video. Drowsy Driving [0:42]. Dr. Charles Czeisler discusses the link between motor vehicle accidents and tired drivers.

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Symptoms | Narcolepsy - Harvard University

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · Symptoms of narcolepsy differ among individuals. In some, they are mild and may only cause bothersome sleepiness that is relieved by an occasional nap. In others, symptoms can be severe and impact many aspects of life. Symptoms include: Sleepiness. Cataplexy. Hallucinations and vivid dreams. Sleep paralysis. Fragmented sleep and insomnia.

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This scale is used to determine a person’s level of ...

(52 years ago) arvard Medical School ivision of Sleep Medicine Sleep and ealth Education Copyright M.W. Johns 1990–97 Epworth Sleepiness Scale

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Overcoming Factors that Intefere with Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dr. Stephen Amira discusses the benefits of short naps. Although there are many things that negatively impact sleep, there are nearly as many strategies and treatments available that can help. An important start in improving sleep is identifying and addressing the factors that disturb sleep. The features in this section provide a wide range of ...

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Narcolepsy - Harvard University

(52 years ago) Need Sleep? Steps you can take to get good sleep and improve health, work, and life

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Personal & Societal Consequences | Sleep Apnea

(52 years ago) The Takeaway. Obstructive sleep apnea can cause daytime sleepiness, snoring, depression, difficulties with concentration, and loss of memory. Apnea can hurt personal relationships. Individuals with untreated OSA are more likely to be in a motor vehicle accident. The following symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can significantly reduce a ...

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Sleep Lab | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · Sleep Lab. It has been more than 50 years since scientists first discovered that the brain is highly active during sleep. Since then, careful observations and technical innovations have helped us understand a great deal about what goes on when we sleep. We know many of the most common characteristics and patterns of sleep, as well as how ...

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An Overview of Sleep Disorders | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · Affecting approximately one in two thousand people, narcolepsy is a central nervous system disorder in which the brain cannot properly regulate cycles of sleep and wakefulness. This results in an inability to stay awake for prolonged periods of time, and sleep itself can also be quite disturbed.

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Finding a Doctor | Narcolepsy - Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · Finding a Doctor. If you suspect you have narcolepsy, it’s often best to consult with a sleep medicine specialist, as many primary care doctors don’t have a thorough understanding of this disorder. Your primary care physician may know of good sleep medicine specialists near you.

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Sleep Disorders Screening Survey | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · Sleep Disorders Screening Survey. Please read the statements below in this survey. Answer true or false for each one. When you are finished, click the "submit" button. T. F. I feel sleepy during the day, even when I get a good night's sleep. T. F.

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Historical and Cultural Perspectives of Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Sleep: A Historical Perspective. launch interactive. Sleep, or at least a daily period of rest, has likely been part of life since the beginning of evolutionary time. In humans, sleep patterns have changed over the centuries, even if our need for sleep has not. At various periods throughout history, people have gone to great lengths to make ...

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Getting a Diagnosis | Narcolepsy - Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · Getting a Diagnosis. A sleep specialist will ask about symptoms of narcolepsy and other causes of sleepiness and perform a physical exam. If narcolepsy is suspected, the doctor will order sleep studies to help confirm the diagnosis. Sometimes people with narcolepsy have additional sleep disorders (such as sleep apnea) that should be treated, as ...

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The Brain and Sleep ( QuickTime Low ) | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) The Brain and Sleep (2:04) Dr. Thomas Scammell discusses how structures and chemicals in the brain are responsible for producing both wakefulness and sleep.

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Self-Evaluation | Sleep Apnea

(52 years ago) Feb 11, 2011 · The STOP-BANG survey below is a self-evaluation you can take to assess the chances of having sleep apnea. However, to get a proper diagnosis, you must see a healthcare practitioner—either a primary care physician/clinician or a sleep specialist.

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Ullanlinna Narcolepsy Scale - healthysleep.med.harvard.edu

(52 years ago) arar eical Scool iision o Sleep eicine Sleep an eal caion Ullanlinna Narcolepsy Scale 1. When laughing, feeling glad or angry, or in an exciting situation, have …

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How is Sleep Regulated? | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Transitions between wakefulness and sleep are controlled and regulated by the brain, which also plays a key role in directing quantity and depth of sleep. However, sleep is also strongly influenced by external factors, such as light and caffeine. Features in this section explore the basics of sleep regulation: the structures of the brain that ...

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Disclosures | Narcolepsy - healthysleep.med.harvard.edu

(52 years ago) The following is the disclosure information for the External Review Board: Clete Kushida, MD, PhD, Stanford University, no conflicts to disclose. Michael H. Silber, MBChB, Mayo Clinic, no conflicts to disclose. 1 Any for-profit business, nonprofit organization, or government agency whose products or services could benefit from sleep program ...

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Benefits of Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Why Sleep Matters [6:13]. Sleep is vital for learning and memory, and lack of sleep impacts our health, safety, and longevity. watch video. Sleep Study and Memory [0:43]. Dr. Robert Stickgold describes studies that show the importance of sleep in …

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Changes Across the Lifespan | Narcolepsy - Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · Changes Across the Lifespan. Younger children, because of their smaller size and higher metabolism, may need different dosing of medications than teens and adults. Prior to and during pregnancy, many women choose to stop their narcolepsy medications, as these could affect fetal development. Elderly patients may need adjustments to medications ...

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Sleep and Disease Risk | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) At a Glance. The cost of poor sleep is much greater than many people think: it may have profound consequences for our long-term health. Research has revealed that people who consistently fail to get enough sleep are at an increased risk of chronic disease, and scientists are now beginning to understand why.

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Why Sleep Matters ( Windows Media Low ) | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Why Sleep Matters (6:13) Sleep researchers are discovering how sleep is vital for learning and memory, and how lack of sleep impacts our health, safety, and longevity.

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The Drive to Sleep and Our Internal Clock | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · A Delicate Balance. It is clear that synchronization of the sleep wake schedule and the internal clock is essential to an individual's ability to maintain sleep and wakefulness when desired. This has been shown conclusively in sleep research and is widely supported by anecdotal evidence from people who fly across time zones or work night shifts.

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At Work | Narcolepsy

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · At Work. Though not everyone decides to disclose their narcolepsy to their employer, those who do find it’s best to discuss narcolepsy with their supervisor before any problems arise. Alertness at work is often improved by thoughtful timing of medications, getting enough sleep at night, and fitting in a brief nap during the workday.

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You and Your Biological Clock | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Finding Your Sleep/Wake Rhythm. Two internal systems interact to regulate when we sleep and when we are awake. These systems are the sleep/wake homeostat, which monitors our need for sleep based on how long we have been awake; and the circadian system, which regulates the cycling of numerous functions, including when we sleep and wake, every 24 ...

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Sleep Changes in Children ( Windows Media Low ) | Healthy ...

(52 years ago) Dr. Richard Ferber describes the typical changes in sleep from early childhood through adolescence.

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Self-Evaluation | Narcolepsy

(52 years ago) Jul 22, 2013 · Helpful tools About 1 in 2,000 people have narcolepsy, but it may go unrecognized for years by individuals and their doctors. Sleepiness is often overlooked or just brushed off as a …

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Assess Your Sleep Needs | Need Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 15, 2008 · The majority of healthy adults require between 7.5 to 8.5 hours per 24-hour period. This is true from young adulthood through late in life, though many older people have difficulty sleeping in a single block of time each night. Generally, sleep needs during a 24-hour period follow this pattern: Newborns (1 to 2 months) – 10.5 to 18 hours.

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About the Narcolepsy Website | Narcolepsy

(52 years ago) About the Narcolepsy Website. Narcolepsy is the fourth in a projected series of websites produced by the Harvard Medical School Division of Sleep Medicine (DSM). The project seeks to translate medical and scientific research on sleep in accessible and …

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The Characteristics of Sleep | Healthy Sleep

(52 years ago) Dec 18, 2007 · From observing changes in behavior and responsiveness, scientists have noted the following characteristics that accompany and in many ways define sleep: Sleep is a period of reduced activity. Sleep is associated with a typical posture, such as lying down with eyes closed in humans. Sleep results in a decreased responsiveness to external stimuli ...

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Medications | Narcolepsy - Harvard University

(52 years ago) Feb 21, 2018 · Medications are a core therapy for most people with narcolepsy. The ultimate goal is to identify medications that produce the greatest benefits with the fewest problems; finding the right balance can take time. Sleepiness often improves with modafinil, armodafinil, amphetamines, or sodium oxybate. Cataplexy often improves with antidepressants ...

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